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See also: Data sets listed by Region and Provider.




Alaska Fisheries Science Center Data & Tools
Contains databases and tools on fishery, oceanography, marine mammal, and environmental research.

Biosphere Data Sets (CISL)

Calfish is the leading source for California anadromous fish and stream habitat data, as well as the standards and tools needed to collect, understand, manage, analyze, and share those data.

EcoFOCI Data sets (NOAA)
Ecosystems & Fisheries-Oceanography Coordinated Investigations data and metadata. The goal of the EcoFOCI is to determine the influence of the physical and biological environment on marine populations and the subsequent impact on fisheries in Alaskan waters.

Ferret Live Access Servers (NOAA PMEL)
The Live Access Server (LAS) is a highly configurable web server designed to provide flexible access to geo-referenced scientific data. LAS is a resource for anyone who needs to share oceanographic or atmospheric data with others.

National Ocean Service Coastal Monitoring and Observations (NOAA)
Covers the physical, chemical, biological, and meteorological phenomena in the nation’s oceans (out to the continental shelf break), nearshore coastal waters such as bays and estuaries, and terrestrial environments that affect the use and quality of the marine environment.

NOAA Fisheries Science Centers western region data portals
The portals contain databases, data sets, and tools on fishery, oceanography, marine mammal, and environmental research.
1.) Alaska
2.) Northwest: Scientific Data Management Team, West Coast Habitat Server
3.) Pacific Islands: Coral Reef Ecosystem Division, TurtleWatch, Western Pacific Fisheries Information Network
4.) Southwest

Oceanographic Data at NCEI
Includes data on biology, chlorophyll, nutrients, oxygen, plankton, and other parameters.

USGS Western Fisheries Research Center
The Laboratories research aquatic ecology; contaminants; fish behavior, health and populations; genetics and invasive species.


Climatic and Meteorological



Bering Climate Data

CISL Research Data Archive (NCAR)
The Research Data Archive (RDA) contains a large and diverse collection of meteorological and oceanographic observations, operational and reanalysis model outputs, and remote sensing datasets to support atmospheric and geosciences research, along with ancillary datasets, such as topography/bathymetry, vegetation, and land use. Dataset list.

Comprehensive Large Array-data Stewardship System (NOAA CLASS)
The Comprehensive Large Array-data Stewardship System (CLASS) is an electronic library of NOAA environmental data. Includes satellite (polar-orbiting, geostationary and DMSP), sea surface temperature, RADARSAT, Altimetry/Sea Surface Height data and other miscellaneous products.

Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (NASA)
Provides global, long-term data records of atmospheric composition and dynamics, hydrology, air quality.

Earth System Research Laboratory (NOAA)
Global Monitoring Division data and visualization products from observatories in American Samoa, Barrow, Mauna Loa, South Pole, and Trinidad Head. Data Archive also available.

Ferret: Data Visualization and Analysis, Live Access Server (NOAA PMEL)
Ferret is an interactive computer visualization and analysis environment designed to meet the needs of oceanographers and meteorologists analyzing large and complex gridded data sets.

FAO Climate Change Data and Tools
FAO provides a wide range of data and tools for assessments of climate change impacts and vulnerabilities, and adaptation and mitigation planning related to agriculture and overall food security.

Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (NASA)
Archive of precipitation, atmospheric chemistry and dynamics, data and information from related disciplines.

Gridded Climate Datasets (NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Physical Sciences Division)

Integrated Ocean Observing System
Provides observation data on air pressure, air temperature, benthic biomass, chlorophyll, current, dissolved nutrients, dissolved oxygen, pathogens, phytoplankton, relative humidity, salinity, sediment grain size and organic content, solar radiation, visibility, water level and temperature, waves, winds, and zooplankton.

National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) data sets
Data sets include information collected from research facilities and tools, as well as information from climate and weather models created and compiled by NCAR scientists and those in their science community.

National Climatic Data Center : Climate Data Online, Monitoring and Data
World's largest archive of climate data.

National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center

NOAA Climate
Develops and delivers information services from its observing, monitoring and research activities.

Space and Upper Atmosphere
Data from Earth's upper atmosphere and space environment to the surface of the sun, and earth observations from space.

State Climate Offices: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Oregon, Washington

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) data sets
The UCAR promotes partnership in a collaborative community dedicated to understanding the atmosphere—the air around us—and the interconnected processes that make up the Earth system, from the ocean floor to the Sun's core. UCAR manages NCAR.

U.S. Climate Monitoring (NOAA)
Includes the Monthly State of the Climate Report and data for: U.S. world, drought, hurricanes and tropical storms, tornadoes, snow and ice, and special reports.

Western Regional Climate Center (NOAA and Desert Research Institute, Nevada)
Includes historical climate information; current observations, forecasts and monitoring; sunrise/sunset information; solar radiation; photo gallery; el Niño/la nina; current weather plots; California climate data archive; Nevada climate and weather data; and additional topics.

NOAA Paleoclimatology
World's largest archive of climate and paleoclimate data.


El Niño Data (NOAA PMEL)
Includes real-time gridded data products and analyses, observed in situ data, and satellite data.

Global Hydrology Resource Center (NASA)
Provides both historical and current Earth science data, information, and products from satellite, airborne, and surface-based instruments. Dataset list.

Maximum/Minimum Temperature Datasets (CISL)
Historical data for sites worldwide.

National Weather Service Information Center

Includes observations, forecasts, models, climate and weather safety, statistics, GIS formats, and more.

National Weather Service, Seattle Office
NOWData calculates averages or totals, as appropriate, for the selected variable for each month of the year. This product is available for the current year, the previous year, or an average of the years 1971 through 2000. Additional stations and years of data are available from the Regional Climate Centers and the National Climatic Data Center.

Precipitation Datasets (CISL Data Research Archive)
Historical data for sites worldwide.

PRISM Precipitation Maps (U.S.)
Data by state, region, 1961-1990.

Short-term Prediction Research and Transition Center (NASA GSC)
A project to "transition unique observations and research capabilities to the operational weather community to improve short-term forecasts on a regional scale."

Snow Depth Datasets (CISL)
Historical data for sites worldwide.

Storm Prediction Center

USA Climate Archive
Temperature and precipitation and snowfall data collected by stations throughout the U.S. during the 20th century.

U.S. Climate Maps
Hours of sunshine, pan evaporation, percentage sunshine, sea level pressure, sky cover, solar radiation and wind direction data. 1968.

Western Region Weather Observational Data (University of Washington)
Includes local and regional surface observations and weather maps, northwest marine data, northwest hydrological conditions, upper air observations, radiosonde soundings, national observational data, regional satellite and radar imagery, Washington state climate data, northwest precipitation maps, and 30-year station normals.

World Data Center for Meteorology
Various data sets and data products from international programs and/or experiments, including meteorological and nuclear radiation data for International Geophysical Year; meteorological data and data products from Global Atmospheric Research Program, World Climate Research Program, World Climate Data and Monitoring Program; and data exchanged with the WDC by participating countries.




CEOS - Committee on Earth Orbiting Satellites (ESA)
Includes CEOS mission, instruments and measurements databases.





Geochemical Earth Reference Model Online Databases
Covers geochemical, paleomagnetic, coefficient data for all types of rocks and minerals and every element, seamount maps and data, and general reference databases.

Geology Data Sets (USGS)
Covers hazards, natural resources, landscapes and coasts, astrogeology, and rock core data. - Geospatial
Provides federal, state and local GIS data sets for agriculture, atmosphere, biology, environment, oceans, historical collections and other parameters.

Land Surface Datasets (CISL)

National Geophysical Data Center (NOAA)
Data holdings currently contain more than 400 digital and analog databases describing the solid earth, marine, and solar-terrestrial environment, as well as earth observations from space. Available data types.

Solid Earth Datasets (CISL)




Columbia River USGS Interdisciplinary Science Explorer (CRUISE)
Implements the first phase of integrated Internet Map Service (IMS) to improve access to USGS data and geospatial analysis technology for the Columbia River Basin.

Hydrosphere Data Sets (CISL)

National Water Information System (USGS)
Includes annual and real-time data for surface and groundwater, water quality and use, and streamflow conditions.

Surface Hydrology and Remote Sensing (NASA GFC)


Oceanographic, sea floor and coastal


AVISO - Archiving, Validation and Interpretation of Satellite Oceanographic Data
Provides for types of data sets: sea surface height, wind and wave, auxiliary (derived from altimetry) and indicators (includes mean sea level).

Central & Northern California Ocean Observing System
Includes data on chlorophyll, temperature, winds, currents, ship tracking, water quality, habitats, and Pacific Ocean library.

CO-OPS Oceanographic Data (NOAA)
The Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services provides information on U.S. tide/water levels, ports, currents, meteorological, and Operational Forecast Systems.

General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans
Includes gridded bathymetric data sets, the GEBCO Digital Atlas, the GEBCO world map and the GEBCO Gazetteer of Undersea Feature Names.

Global Ocean Observing System
The GOOS is a collection of ocean observing and information delivery systems providing near real time measurements of the state of the oceans.

Integrated Ocean Observing System
The IOOS portal provides users with access to NDBC's OPeNDAP/DODS web page, CO-OPS' OPeNDAP for observational water level, meteorological and ancillary data as well as the model data through OPeNDAP NetCDF data servers.

International Bathymetric Chart of the Arctic Ocean
Additional regional mapping projects.

National Coastal Data Development Center (NOAA)
NCDDC provides a coordinated data management system and data discovery mechanism for atmospheric, oceanographic, and terrestrial physical sciences.

National Centers for Environmental Information (formerly National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC))
Available data.

National Ocean Service Data Explorer
Provides data on nautical charting, bathymetry/topography, shoreline, geodetic/global positioning, tides and currents, remote sensed imagery/photos, marine boundaries, hurricanes and environmental monitoring.

Naval Oceanography Portal (U.S. Navy)
Includes data from the U.S. Naval Observatory, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center, the Naval Oceanography Operations Command, the Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center, and the Naval Oceanographic Office.

NESDIS Ocean Products (NOAA)
Includes charts and data on coral bleaching, ocean color, sea/lake ice, sea surface height, sea surface temperatures, tropical systems and winds.

Oceanographic Databases (Canada)
Databases available: hydrographic, sea-surface temperature, ocean data inventory, coastal time series and ocean colour database.

Oceanography Data Resources (NASA)
Data sets: ocean surface topography, ocean color, and ocean surface winds.

Oceans Data Sets (CISL)
Contains nearly 200 data sets.

OceanWatch, Central Pacific (NOAA)
Includes data on ocean altimetry and geostrophic currents, sea-surface temperature, ocean color, ocean surface winds, Hawaii imagery, bathymetry and topography, climatological atlas of the World Ocean, and monthly climatologies 1946-1989.

Physical Oceanography (NASA)
Core holdings include ocean surface topography, ocean winds, and sea surface temperatures. Other holdings include data on ocean wave height, ionospheric electron content, atmospheric moisture, and heat flux, as well as in situ data related to the satellite data.

Portal for Oceanographic Services for IOOS Data and Information (POSIDIN)

Satellite Oceanography at NCEI (NOAA)

Tides and Currents (NOAA)
Provides water level information for U.S. coastal states, the Atlantic Ocean and the Eastern and Western Pacific.

Links to data for the Northeast Pacific, Northwest Atlantic and Southern Oceans. U.S. GLOBal Ocean ECosystems Dynamics is a multi-disciplinary research program designed by oceanographers, fishery scientists, and marine ecologists to examine the potential impact of global climate change on ocean ecosystems.

Virtual Ocean
Includes data viewers of deep submergence dive locations, earthquake and plate boundaries, heat flow measurements, hurricane tracks, ocean crust and sediment properties, hydrothermal vents, ocean weather, past climate and vegetation reconstructions, seabed sediment colors, seafloor photos, sediment cores, volcanoes and seamounts, water column properties, paleoclimate data, and other ocean features.

Western Coastal and Marine Geology (USGS)
Covers offshore areas of Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, Washington, U.S. Pacific Islands and other waterways of the U.S.

World Ocean Database and World Ocean Atlas Series (NOAA)


Sea floor

Geochemistry of Rocks of the Oceans and Continents
Includes analyses from convergent margin, ocean island, seamount, oceanic plateau, submarine ridge, ocean-basin flood basalt, continental flood basalt, archean craton, intraplate volcanics, rift volcanics and complex volcanic settings.

Marine Geology and Geophysics (NOAA)
Includes data sets on gravity, magnetics, sediment thickness, seismic reflection, trackline geophysics, crustal ages, ocean drilling data, well logs, and various bathymetric (ocean depths) data.

Marine Geoscience Data System
Includes Ridge 2000, MARGINS, Antarctic and Southern Ocean, global bathymetry, seismic reflection, other data sets, and a Media Bank containing images, animations, and graphics.

National Geophysical Data Center
Includes data on bathymetry and global relief, earth observations from space, geomagnetic data and models, marine geology and geophysics, natural hazards, and space weather and solar events.

Ocean Floor Databases (Columbia University)

Petrological Database of the Ocean Floor
PetDB is a scientific information system that maintains a geochemical data collection of ocean floor igneous and metamorphic rocks. PetDB contains analytical data (major oxides, trace elements, stable and radiogenic isotope ratios, analytical ages) for whole rocks, volcanic glasses, minerals, and melt inclusions for samples from mid-ocean ridges, fracture zones, back-arc basins, young near-ridge seamounts, and old oceanic crust. The majority of the data are for mid-ocean ridge basalts (MORB) and abyssal peridotites.

Vents Program (NOAA)
Data on hydrothermal vent processes.



Coastal and Marine Geology Program (USGS)
Program topics of study.

Coastal Data Information Program (Scripps)
Contains recent (latest coastal conditions, wave models and forecasts) and historic (archived wind, wave and temperature data) -- and other coastal environment data.

EcoWatch (NOAA)
A comprehensive storm information center with information about severe weather preparation and monitoring across the Gulf of Mexico coastal region.

National Coastal Data Development Center (NOAA)
Includes data on atmospheric, oceanographic, and terrestrial physical sciences.


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Last Update: August 18, 2022